Designation/Title : Clinical Associate Professor; Head Department: Family Medicine; IMU Medical Clinic
Tel: 03-27317688; Fax: 03-8656 3188
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Education and Training

MMed Family Medicine – National University of Malaysia
MD National University of Malaysia 1995
BMedSc (Hons)
National University of Malaysia


Research interests:

  • Family Medicine
  • Chronic Disease Management
  • Health System Research


Research projects/grants:

National Research & Development Grants:

  • Patients’ attitude towards presence of medical students during consultations in general practice. Funded by IMU (RM 1340). July 2015-June 2016.
  • The efficacy a transcultural diabetes-specific nutrition algorithm (tDNA) care on weight loss and metabolic outcomes in overweight & obese Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus patients in outpatient clinic settings. Funded by ABBOTS (RM 130,000). January 2014 – 2016. IMU 2014, NMRR-14-1042-19455 (IIR)
  • Primary Care Doctor Participation in Research – A Qualitative Study. Funded by Academy of Family Physicians Malaysia (RM 2000). 2014-2015. NMRR
  • The transcriptional activity of p53 and NFĸB under diabetes-mimicking conditions in normal and transformed colon cells. Funded by MTSF (RM 30,000). November 2013 – November 2014. IMU R 128/2013
  • Uncontrolled Hypertension in Primary Care: The Effect of Education and Behavioural Change at the level of patient and doctors. Funded by IMU (RM 17336). May 2014 – April 2015. Csc/Sem6(14)2014.
  • Perception of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) use in chronic hepatitis B: The Malaysian undergraduates’ perspective. Monash University - RM 30,000, 2013.
  • White coat hypertension: its prevalence and correlates among hypertensive and non-hypertensive adults in a Malaysian community. IMU 248/2012 - RM7500, 2012.
  • Empowering Patients and Primary Care Providers to Improve Chronic Disease Outcomes: The EMPOWER Participatory Action Research (EMPOWER-PAR). 600-RMI/ERGS 5/3 (28/2011) - RM200,000, 2011.
  • Sexual History Taking: Are Malaysian Medical Students Prepared? UiTM (RM10,000), IMU CtME 18/2011 (RM1000) & UM (RM1000). 2011- 2012.
  • Acute effects of sn-1 and sn-3 palmitic acid-rich or stearic acid-rich fats on postprandial lipemia, haemostatic, and inflammatory markers, gut hormone concentrations, satiety, and insulinemic response in human volunteers. IMU R 0069/2011, MPOB – RM200,000; 2011 – 2013.
  • Effect of dietary fat type in combination with high protein on plasma homocysteine levels and selected markers of cardiovascular heart disease risk in human volunteers. IMU R043/2008, MPOB – RM300,000. 2008 – 2010.
  • The Effect of Testosterone Therapy in Ageing Men with Low Serum Testosterone Level (NEBIDO Trial). IRB Ref No. 631.11 (UMMC) Ministry of Women, Family & Community, Bayer & MSASAM – RM 300,000; 2008 – 2010.
  • Subang Longitudinal Study on the Ageing Men (SAM). Ministry of Women, Family & Community & MSASAM RM 100,000; 2010.
  • Community based multiple risk factor intervention strategy to prevent cardiovascular and chronic kidney diseases (CORFIS). CRC, Ministry of Health. RM 1.2 million; 2007 - 2009.
  • Evaluation of Private Sector Involvement in Delivery of Primary Care Services In Malaysia. Ministry of Health – RM 200,000. FF 274-2007 (UKM). 2006 - 2009.
  • Effectiveness of diabetic education program in improving diabetic control in Pusat Perubatan Primer HUKM Bandar Tasik Selatan. UKM – RM 5000, 2005 - 2007.
  • Text messaging to reduce non-attendance in chronic care follow-ups. UKM – RM 10,000; 2005 - 2007.
  • Development of reflective learning in medical students. UKM - 2006.
  • To Identify the psychosocial factors of non-compliance among patients with hypertension undergoing pharmacotherapy. IRPA project: 06-02-02-0028-PR0014/06-06; 2002 – 2006.

Supervision of Postgraduates (MSc/PhD)
(Last 5 years – 2011-2015)

  • Simon Toh Wai Hong (MSc candidate). Project Title: Acute effects of sn-1 and sn-3 palmitic acid-rich or stearic acid-rich fats on postprandial lipemia, haemostatic, and inflammatory markers, gut hormone concentrations, satiety, and insulinemic response in human volunteers. Researchers: Tony Ng KW, Verna Lee KM, Kalanithi N, Voon PT. Start date: January 2011
  • Ng Yen Teng (MSc candidate). Project Title: Chronic effects of natural palm-margarine, interesterified palm-margarine and modified soy-based margarine on cardiovascular diseases risk, inflammation, insulin resistance and obesity in Malaysian adults. Researchers: Tony Ng KW, Verna Lee KM, Voon PT. Start date: January 2013
  • Lee Sin Tien (PhD candidate). Project Title: Effects of high oleic palm olein, virgin olive oil and refined bleached and deodorized coconut oil diets on markers of insulin resistance, lipid profile, inflammatory and obesity in Malaysian adults. Researchers: Norhaizan ME, Tony Ng KW, Verna Lee KM, Voon PT. Start date: January 2013
  • Harvinder Kaur A/P Gilcharan Singh (PhD candidate). Project Title: The efficacy of motivational interviewing on meal replacements adherence, weight loss and weight loss maintenance in overweight and obese type 2 diabetes mellitus patients. Researchers: Winnie Chee, Ankur Barua, Verna Lee KM. Start date: September 2014
  • Chan Chee Shan (MSc candidate). Project Title: Metabolic responses to isomaltulose by malaysian adults: a pilot study. Researchers: Peter Michael Barling, Sangeetha Shyam, Fatimah Arshad, Verna Lee KM. Start date: October 2014


Professional affiliations:

  • Malaysian Primary Care Research Group (MPCRG)
  • Academy of Family Physicians of Malaysia
  • Family Medicine Specialist Association of Malaysia (FMSA)
  • Malaysian Society of Andrology and Study of Aging Male, Asia Pacific Society of Sexual Medicine & International Society of Sexual Medicine
  • Medical Association of Malaysia


Academic Awards:

  • ....


Recent publications
(last 5 years – 2011 -2015)


  • Ho CCK, Tong SF, Low WY, Ng CJ, Khoo EM, Lee VKM, Zulkifli MZ and Tan HM. A randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial on the effect of long-acting testosterone treatment as assessed by the Aging Male Symptoms scale. British J Urology International. 2011. [First published ahead of print November 21, 2011 as doi:10.1111/j.1464-410X.2011.10755.x]. (IF: 2.5) (2010)
  • Voon PT, Ng TKW, Lee VKM, and Nesaretnam K. Diets high in palmitic acid (16:0), lauric and myristic acids (12:0 + 14:0), or oleic acid (18:1) do not alter postprandial or fasting plasma homocysteine and inflammatory markers in healthy Malaysian adults. Am J Clin Nutr. 2011. [First published ahead of print October 26, 2011 as doi: 10.3945/ajcn.111.020107]. (IF:6.606)(2010)
  • Mimi O, Tong SF, Nordin S, Teng CL, Khoo EM, Kareem ARA, Zailinawati AH, Lee VKM, Chen WS, Shihabudin WM, Noridah MS, Fauziah ZE. A comparison of morbidity patterns in public and private primary care clinics in Malaysia. Malaysian Family Physician. 2011;6(1):19-25 (IF: 0)
  • Teng CL, Tong SF, Khoo EM, Lee VKM, Zailinawati AH, Mimi O, Chen WS, Nordin S. Antibiotics for URTI and UTI - prescribing in Malaysian primary care settings. Aust Fam Physician. 2011 May;40 (5):325-9. [http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed?term=21597554%5Bpmid%5D]



  • Tong SF, Khoo EM, Nordin S, Teng CL, Lee VKM, Zailinawati AH, Chen WS, Mimi O. Process of Care and Prescribing Practices for Hypertension in Public and Private Primary Care Clinics in Malaysia. Asia Pac J Public Health 2012; 24(5):762-773. [E-pub ahead of print June 9, 2011] (IF: 1.056)(2011) (http://aph.sagepub.com/content/early/2011/06/09/1010539511402190)
  • Tong SF, Ng CJ, Lee BC, Lee VKM, Khoo EM, Lee EG and Tan HM. Effect of long-acting testosterone undecanoate treatment on quality of life in men with testosterone deficiency syndrome: a double blind randomized controlled trial. Asian Journal of Andrology advance online publication, 28 May 2012; doi:10.1038/aja.2011.178



  • WHH Low, W Seet, AS Ramli, KK Ng, H Jamaiyah, SP Dan, CL Teng, VKM Lee, SS Chua, MY Faridah Aryani, T Karupaiah, WSS Chee, PP Goh, M Zaki, TO Lim & the CORFIS Study Group. Community-based cardiovascular Risk Factors Intervention Strategies (CORFIS) in managing hypertension: A pragmatic non-randomised controlled trial. Med J Malaysia 2013; 68(2):129-135.



  • AS Ramli, S Lakshmanan, J Haniff, S Selvarajah, SF Tong, MA Bujang, S Abdul-Razak, AA Shafie, VKM Lee, TH Abdul-Rahman, MH Daud, KK Ng, F Ariffin, H Abdul-Hamid, M Md-Yasin, N Mat-Nasir, M Miskan, JP Stanley-Ponniah, M Ismail, CW Chan, YR Abdul-Rahman, BH Chew & WHH Low. Study protocol of EMPOWER Participatory Action Research (EMPOWER-PAR): a pragmatic cluster randomised controlled trial of multifaceted chronic disease management strategies to improve diabetes and hypertension outcomes in primary care. BMC Family Practice 2014; 15:151. doi:10.1186/1471-2296-15-151 (IF: 1.74 in 2013)



  • HM Tan, WY Low, SF Tong, J Haniff, G Appannah, VKM Lee, EMKhoo, CJ Ng & CCK Ho. Aging male symptoms scale (ams) for health-related quality of life in aging men: translation and adaptation in malay. Malaysian Journal of Public Health Medicine 2015; 5(2):17-23.
  • Ariffin F, Chin KL, Ng CJ, Miskan M, Lee VKM & Isa MR. Are medical students confident in taking a sexual history? An assessment on attitude and skills from an upper middle income country. BMC Research Notes, 2015; 8:248 [IMU Internal Grant – IMU CT18_2011 & UiTM FRGS Grant] (http://www.biomedcentral.com/content/pdf/s13104-015-1220-y.pdf)
  • PT Voon, TKW Ng, VKM Lee and K Nesaretnam. Virgin olive oil, palm olein and coconut oil diets do not raise cell adhesion molecules and thrombogenicity indices in healthy Malaysian adults. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, advance online publication, 25 March 2015; doi:10.1038/ejcn.2015.26 (IF: 2.95 in 2013)
  • MPCRG. A Step by Step Guide to Primary Care Research. Editors: Malaysian Primary Care Research Group (MPCRG), Nov 2015, The Academy of Family Physicians of Malaysia (AFPM). ISBN 978-983-43922-2-2.
  • FMSA. Consensus Guide to Adult Health Screening for General Population Attending Primary Care Clinics 2015. Editor & Publisher: Family Medicine Specialists Association of Malaysia (FMSA). ISBN 978-967-11389-2-2. http://screeningguide.fms-malaysia.org/wp-content/Screening%20Guidelines%20for%20Primary%20Care.pdf


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